GMP News No. 217
3 August 2002
EMEA Guideline on Water for Pharmaceutical Use Revised
Upon requests on the part of the industry, some changes were made to the tables 3 and 5 (marked in orange) even after the adoption by CPMP/CVMP.
In table 3, regarding the manufacture of non-sterile APIs that are intended for use in a sterile parenteral product, the requirement of 'highly purified water' was replaced by 'purified water with an endotoxin limit of 0,25 EU/ml and control of specified organisms'.
In table 5 titled 'Water Used for Cleaning/Rinsing', some modifications were made in connection with sterile products. Now the CIP (Cleaning in Place) procedure is also listed. For the initial rinse, only the water quality 'purified water' is now required; higher qualities are not mandatory any more.
For the final rinse of sterile parenteral products, the water quality WFI is still required. However, the water quality 'highly purified water' can be used in case a subsequent depyrogenisation step is applied and the use of 'highly purified water' is justified through validation data.
Water Present as an Excipient in the Final Formulation
Table 1: Sterile Medicinal Products
Table 2: Non-sterile Medicinal Products
*In certain disease states e.g. Cystic fibrosis, medicinal products administrated by nebulisation are required to be sterile and non-pyrogenic. In such cases WFI or sterilised HPW should be used.
** For some products such as veterinary teat dips it may be acceptable to use potable water where justified and authorised taking account of the variability in chemical composition and microbiological quality
Water Used During Manufacture of APIs and
Table 3: Water Used During the Manufacture of APIs (Revised)
* Purified Water should be used where there are technical requirements for greater chemical purity.
** The Applicant would need to demonstrate that potential variations in the water quality, particularly with respect to minimal composition, would not influence the composition of the extract
Table 4: Water Used During Manufacture of Medicinal Products Which Is Not Present in the Final Formulation (Revised)
* For some veterinary premix products e.g. Granulated concentrates it may be acceptable to use potable water where justified and authorised taking account of the variability in chemical composition and microbiological quality
Table 5: Water Used for Cleaning/Rinsing of Equipment, Containers and Closures (Revised)
In general, the final rinse used for equipment, containers/closures should use the same quality of water as used in the final stage of manufacture of the API or used as an excipient in a medicinal product.
* CIP = Cleaning in Place
** Some containers, e.g. Plastic containers for eyedrops may not need an initial rinse, indeed this may be counter-productive since particulates counts could be increased as a result. In some cases e.g. Blow-fill-seal processes rinsing cannot be applied
*** If equipment is dried after rinsing with 70% alcohol, the alcohol
should be diluted in water of the same quality as the water used for the
**** Where a subsequent depyrogenisation step is employed the use of Highly Purified Water may be acceptable subject to suitable justification and validation data